Badlands National Park Plants

Plants Badlands National Park is over 50% mixed grass prairie. Over 60 types of grass thrive here, as well as dozens of flowering plants. Although sparse, a few trees and shrubs successfully eke out an existence with less than 16 inches of precipitation each year. As you drive the Loop Road, there are some specific plants that may draw your eye, depending on the time of year.

It is well known that westward expansion greatly changed life for the American Indians already calling this land home. It is less familiar to hear that the coming of Euro-Americans drastically changed the plant communities native to the Great Plains. By bringing ornamental plants for beauty or accidentally carrying seeds in the cuffs of pants or through the manure of their horses and cattle, the settlers brought dozens of new plants to the prairie that rapidly threatened to force out the native plants. At Badlands National Park, we are actively trying to restore this mixed grass prairie to close to its original state. Exhibits, programs, and publications will further explain the actions underway to combat non-native plants. You may find some of these exotic intruders beautiful. Beauty is just one value to be placed on an ecosystem. Take the chance to learn more about the introduced and native species of the Badlands.

  • Denotes exotic or naturalized species Go to: ACERACEAE - Maple Family AGAVACEAE - Agave Family ALISMATACEAE - Water Plantain Family AMARANTHACEAE - Pigweed Family ANACARDIACEAE - Cashew Family APIACEAE - Parsley Family APOCYNACEAE - Dogbane Family ASCLEPIADACEAE - Milkweed Family ASTERACEAE - Sunflower Family BORAGINACEAE - Borage Family BRASSICACEAE - Mustard Family CACTACEAE - Cactus Family CAMPANULACEAE - Bellflower Family CAPPARACEAE - Caper Family CAPRIFOLIACEAE - Honeysuckle Family CARYOPHYLLACEAE - Pink Family CELASTRACEAE - Staff Tree Family CHENOPODIACEAE - Goosefoot Family COMMELINACEAE - Spiderwort Family CONVOLVULACEAE - Morning Glory Family CUPRESSACEAE - Cypress Family CYPERACEAE - Sedge Family ELAEAGNACEAE - Oleaster Family EQUISETACEAE - Horsetail Family EUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge Family FABACEAE - Bean Family FUMARIACEAE - Fumitory Family GERANIACEAE - Geranium Family GROSSULARIACEAE - Currant Family HYDROPHYLLACEAE - Waterleaf Family IRIDACEAE - Iris Family JUNCACEAE - Rush Family LAMIACEAE - Mint Family LILIACEAE - Lily Family LINACEAE - Flax Family LOASACEAE - Stickleaf Family LYTHRACEAE - Loosestrife Family MALVACEAE - Mallow Family NYCTAGINACEAE - Four-O'Clock Family OLEACEAE - Olive Family ONAGRACEAE - Evening Primrose Family OROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape Family OXALIDACEAE - Wood Sorrel Family PAPAVERACEAE - Poppy Family PEDALIACEAE - Unicorn-plant Family PINACEAE - Pine Family PLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain Family POACEAE - Grass Family POLEMONIACEAE - Polemonium Family POLYGALACEAE - Milkwort Family POLYGONACEAE - Buckwheat Family POLYPODIACEAE - True Fern Family PORTULACACEAE - Purselane Family PRIMULACEAE - Primrose Family RANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup Family ROSACEAE - Rose Family RUBIACEAE - Madder Family SALICACEAE - Willow Family SANTALACEAE - Sandalwood Family SCROPHULARIACEAE - Figwort Family SELAGINELLACEAE - Spikemoss Family SMILACACEAE - Catbrier Family SOLANACEAE - Nightshade Family TAMARICACEAE - Tamarix Family TYPHACEAE - Cat-tail Family ULMACEAE - Elm Family URTICACEAE - Nettle Family VERBENACEAE - Vervain Family VIOLACEAE - Violet Family VITACEAE - Grape Family ZYGOPHYLLACEAE - Caltrop Family | ACERACEAE - Maple Family Nomenclature Common Name Acer negundo Box Elder AGAVACEAE - Agave Family Nomenclature Common Name Yucca glauca Yucca; Soapweed ALISMATACEAE - Water Plantain Family Nomenclature Common Name Alisma gramineum Water Plantain Alisma triviale Water Plantain Echinodorus cordifolius Burhead Echinodorus rostratus Burhead Sagittaria cuneata Arrowhead; Duck-potato Sagittaria latifolia Arrowhead; Duck-potato AMARANTHACEAE - Pigweed Family Nomenclature Common Name Amaranthus albus Tumbleweed Amaranthus graecizans Prostrate Pigweed Amaranthus hybridus Slender Pigweed; Green Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Rough Pigweed ANACARDIACEAE - Cashew Family Nomenclature Common Name Rhus aromatica Skunkbush Sumac; Fragrant Sumac Toxicodendron radicans Poison Ivy Toxicodendron rydbergii Poison Ivy APIACEAE - Parsley Family Nomenclature Common Name Cymopterus acaulis Cymopterus Cymopterus montanus Cymopterus Lomatium foeniculaceum Wild Parsley Lomatium macrocarpum Wild Parsley Lomatium orientale Lomatium Musineon divaricatum Leafy Musineon; Wild Parsley APOCYNACEAE - Dogbane Family Nomenclature Common Name Apocynum cannabinum Prairie Dogbane; Indian Hemp Dogbane ASCLEPIADACEAE - Milkweed Family Nomenclature Common Name Asclepias pumila Plains Milkweed; Dwarf Milkweed Asclepias speciosa Showy Milkweed Asclepias stenophylla Narrow-leaved Milkweed Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed Asclepias viridiflora Green Milkweed ASTERACEAE - Sunflower Family Nomenclature Common Name Achillea millefolium Common Yarrow Agoseris glauca Pale Agoseris, False Dandelion Ambrosia artemisiifolia Common Ragweed; ShortRagweed Ambrosia psilostachya Western Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Giant Ragweed Antennaria dimorpha Dwarf Pussy-toes Antennaria neglecta Field Pussy-toes Antennaria parvifolia Pussy-toes Anthemis cotula Mayweed Camomile, Dog Fennel Arctium lappa Great Burdock Artemisia biennis Biennial Wormwood Artemisia campestris Sagewort Wormwood, Western Sagewort Artemisia cana Sagebrush; Dwarf Sagebrush Artemisia dracunculus Silky Wormwood Artemisia filifolia Sand Sagebrush; Silvery Wormwood Artemisia frigida Pasture Sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana White Sage Aster ericoides White Aster; Many-flowered Aster Aster falcatus White Prairie Aster Aster oblongifolius Aromatic Aster; Prairie Aster Bidens cernua Nodding Beggar-ticks Centaurea cyanus Cornflower; Bachelor's-button Centaurea maculosa Spotted Knapweed Centaurea repens Russian Knapweed Chrysopsis villosa Gold Aster; Hairy Gold Aster Chrysothamnus nauseosus Rubber Rabbit Brush Cirsium arvense Canada Thistle; Field Thistle Cirsium canescens Platte Thistle Cirsium undulatum Wavy-leaf Thistle Cirsium vulgare Bull Thistle Conyza canadensis Horse-weed Crepis occidentalis Hawk's-beard Dyssodia papposa Fetid Marigold; Prairie Dogweed Echinacea angustifolia Purple Coneflower Engelmannia pinnatifida Engelmann's Daisy Erigeron canus Fleabane Erigeron compositos Fleabane Erigeron pumilus Fleabane; Low Fleabane Erigeron strigosus Daisy Fleabane Evax prolifera Rabbit-tobacco Grindelia squarrosa Curlytop Gumweed; Curlycup Gumweed Gutierrezia sarothrae Broom Snakeweed; Matchbrush Haplopappus spinulosus Cutleaf Ironplant; Cutleaf Goldenweed Helianthus annuus Common Sunflower Helianthus maximilianii Maximilian Sunflower Helianthus petiolaris Plains Sunflower Helianthus rigidus Stiff Sunflower Hymenopappus filifolius Hymenopappus Hymenopappus tenuifolius Hymenopappus Hymenoxys acaulis Stemless Hymenoxys Iva axillaris Poverty Weed Iva xanthifolia Marsh Elder Kuhnia eupatorioides Western False Boneset Lactuca ludoviciana Western Wild Lettuce Lactuca oblongifolia Blue Lettuce Lactuca serriola Prickly Lettuce Liatris punctata Prairie Gay-feather; Dotted Gay-feather Lygodesmia juncea Skeletonweed; Rush Skeleton-plant Machaeranthera canescens Hoary Aster Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Tansyleaf, Tansy aster Microseris cuspidata False Dandelion; Wavyleaf False Dandelion Picradeniopsis oppositifolia Picradeniopsis Ratibida columnifera Upright Prairie Coneflower Ratibida tagetes Short-ray Prairie Coneflower Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan Senecio canus Gray Ragwort Senecio intergerrimus Groundsel; Lambstongue Groundsel Senecio plattensis Prairie Ragwort; Prairie Groundsel Solidago canadensis Canada Goldenrod Solidago missouriensis Prairie Goldenrod; Missouri Goldenrod Solidago mollis Soft Goldenrod Solidago ptarmicoides Sneezewort aster Solidago rigida Rigid Goldenrod; Stiff Goldenrod Solidago sparsiflora Three-nerved Goldenrod Taraxacum officinale Common Dandelion; Gray-seeded Dandelion Townsendia exscapa Easter Daisy; Largeflower Townsendia Townsendia grandiflora Easter Daisy Tragopogon dubius Goat's Beard; Western Salsify Tragopogon porrifolius Vegetable Oyster Tragopogon pratensis Meadow Salsify Xanthium strumarium Cocklebur BORAGINACEAE - Borage Family Nomenclature Common Name Cryptantha celosioides Cryptantha; Butte Candle Cryptantha crassisepala Cryptantha Cryptantha fendleri Fendler's cryptantha Cryptantha minima Cryptantha Cryptantha thyrsiflora Cryptantha Hackelia floribunda Stickseed Lappula echinata Blue Stickseed Lappula redowskii Stickseed Lithospermum incisum Fringed Puccoon; Cleft Gromwell Mertensia lanceolata Lanceleaf Bluebells BRASSICACEAE - Mustard Family Nomenclature Common Name Arabis hirsuta Hairy Rock Cress Arabis holboellii Rockcress Brassica nigra Black Mustard Camelina microcarpa Small-seeded False Flax Capsella bursa Pastoris-Shepherd's Purse Conringia orientalis Hare's-ear Mustard Descurainia pinnata Tansy Mustard Descurainia sophia Flixweed Tansy Mustard; HerbSophia Draba reptans White Whitlowort Erysimum asperum Western Wallflower Erysimum cheiranthoides Treacle erysimum; Wormseed Wallflower Hesperis matronalis Dame's Rocket Lepidium densiflorum Peppergrass Lepidium perfoliatum Clasping Peppergrass Lepidium virginicum Peppergrass Lesquerella arenosa Bladderpod Lesquerella ludoviciana Bladderpod; Louisiana Bladderpod Physaria brassicoides Double Bladderpod Rorippa sinuata Spreading Yellow Cress Sisymbrium altissimum Tumbling Mustard; Tumblemustard Sisymbrium loeselii Tall Hedge Mustard Thlaspi arvense Field Pennycress CACTACEAE - Cactus Family Nomenclature Common Name Coryphantha missouriensis Missouri Pincushion; Ball Cactus Coryphantha vivipara Pincushion; Ball Cactus Echinocereus viridiflorus Hedgehog Cactus Opuntia fragilis Little Prickly Pear; Brittle Prickly Pear Opuntia humifusa Eastern Prickly Pear Opuntia macrorhiza Prickly Pear Opuntia polyacantha Plains Prickly Pear CAMPANULACEAE - Bellflower Family Nomenclature Common Name Triodanis leptocarpa Venus' Looking Glass Triodanis perfoliata Venus' Looking Glass CAPPARACEAE - Caper Family Nomenclature Common Name Cleome serrulata Rocky Mountain Bee Plant; Bee Spiderflower Polanisia dodecandra Clammy-weed CAPRIFOLIACEAE - Honeysuckle Family Nomenclature Common Name Symphoricarpos albus White Coralberry; Snowberry Symphoricarpos occidentalis Western Snowberry; Wolfberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry; Buckbrush CARYOPHYLLACEAE - Pink Family Nomenclature Common Name Cerastium vulgatum Common Mouse-ear Chickweed Paronychia sessiliflora Nailwort; Whitlow-wort Silene antirrhina Sleepy Catchfly Stellaria media Common Chickweed CELASTRACEAE - Staff Tree Family Nomenclature Common Name Celastrus scandens American Bittersweet CHENOPODIACEAE - Goosefoot Family Nomenclature Common Name Atriplex argentea Silver-scale Saltbush Atriplex canescens Four-wing Saltbush; Shadscale Atriplex nuttallii Moundscale; Nuttal's Saltbush Atriplex confertiflora Shadscale Saltbush; Spiny Saltbush Atriplex subspicata Spearscale Chenopodium album Lamb's Quarter; Goosefoot Chenopodium ambrosioides Wormseed Goosefoot, Mexican tea Chenopodium capitatum Strawberry Blite Chenopodium desiccatum Goosefoot Chenopodium gigantospermum Maple-leaved Goosefoot Chenopodium leptophyllum Goosefoot Chenopodium strictum Goosefoot; Lamb's Quarter Halogeton glomeratus Common Halogeton Kochia scoparia Kochia; Fire-weed Monolepsis nuttalliana Poverty Weed Salsola iberica Russian-thistle, Tumbleweed Sarcobatus vermiculatus Greasewood COMMELINACEAE - Spiderwort Family Nomenclature Common Name Tradescantia bracteata Common Spiderwort; Bracted Spiderwort Tradescantia occidentalis Virginia Spiderwort CONVOLVULACEAE - Morning Glory Family Nomenclature Common Name Calystegia sepium Hedge Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed Evolvulus nuttallianus Nuttall's Evolvulus Ipomoea leptophylla Bush Morning-glory CUPRESSACEAE - Cypress Family Nomenclature Common Name Juniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain Juniper Juniperus virginiana Red Cedar CYPERACEAE - Sedge Family Nomenclature Common Name Carex brevior Sedge Carex eleocharis Sedge; Needleleaf Sedge Carex filifolia Sedge; Threadleaf Sedge Carex gravida Sedge Carex heliophila Sun Sedge Carex pensylvanica Sedge Carex praegracilis Sedge Carex sartwellii Sedge Carex saximontana Sedge Cyperus acuminatus Umbrella Sedge Eleocharis acicularis Spikerush Eleocharis erythropoda Red-stemmed Spike Sedge Eleocharis macrostachya Spikerush; Spike Sedge Scirpus americanus Chair-maker's Rush Scirpus atrovirens Bulrush; Dark Green Bulrush Scirpus validus Soft-stem Bulrush ELAEAGNACEAE - Oleaster Family Nomenclature Common Name Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian Olive Shepherdia argentea Buffaloberry; Silver Buffaloberry EQUISETACEAE - Horsetail Family Nomenclature Common Name Equisetum sp. Horsetail, Scouring Rush EUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge Family Nomenclature Common Name Euphorbia glyptosperma Ridge-seeded Spurge Euphorbia maculata Spotted Spurge Euphorbia missurica Prairie Spurge; Missouri Spurge Euphorbia marginata Snow-on-the-mountain Euphorbia robusta Robust Euphorbia Euphorbia serpens Round-leaved Spurge Euphorbia serpyllifolia Thyme-leaved Spurge Euphorbia spathulata Spurge Euphorbia stictospora Mat Spurge FABACEAE - Bean Family Nomenclature Common Name Amorpha canescens Lead Plant Amorpha nana Dwarf Wild Indigo Astragalus adsurgens Standing Milk-vetch Astragalus agrestis Field Milk-vetch Astragalus barrii Barr Orophaca Astragalus canadensis Canada Milk-vetch Astragalus crassicarpus Ground-plum Milk-vetch Astragalus gilviflorus Plains Orophaca Astragalus gracilis Slender Milk-vetch Astragalus hyalinus Summer Orophaca Astragalus lotiflorus Milk-vetch, Lotus Milk-vetch Astragalus missouriensis Missouri Milk-vetch Astragalus mollissimus Woolly Locoweed Astragalus plattensis Platte River Milk-vetch Astragalus purshii Pursh Milk-vetch Astragalus racemosus Racemed Poison Vetch; AlkaliMilk-vetch Astragalus tenellus Pulse Milk-vetch Dalea aurea Golden Prairie Clover; Silktop Dalea Dalea candida White Prairie Clover Dalea enneandra Feather Dalea; Nine-anther Prairie Clover Dalea purpurea Purple Prairie Clover Glycyrrhiza lepidota Wild Licorice Lathyrus polymorphus Hoary Vetchling; Showy Peavine Lotus purshianus Deer-vetch; Prairie Trefoil Lupinus pusillus Rusty Lupine; Small Lupine Medicago lupulina Black Medic Medicago sativa Alfalfa Melilotus alba White Sweet Clover Melilotus officinalis Yellow Sweet Clover Oxytropis campestris Slender Locoweed Oxytropis lambertii Purple Locoweed; Lambert Crazyweed Oxytropis sericea White Locoweed; White Point Crazyweed Psoralea argophylla Silver-leaf Scurf-pea Psoralea cuspidata Tall-bread Scurf-pea Psoralea digitata Palm-leafed scurf-pea Psoralea esculenta Prairie-turnip; Breadroot Scurf-pea Psoralea lanceolata Lemon Scurf-pea Psoralea tenuiflora Wild Alfalfa; Scurfy Pea Thermopsis rhombifolia Prairie Buck Bean; Prairie Yellow Pea Trifolium dubium Small Hop-clover Trifolium hybridum Alsike clover Trifolium pratense Red Clover Vicia americana American Vetch FUMARIACEAE - Fumitory Family Nomenclature Common Name Corydalis micrantha Slender Fumewort GERANIACEAE - Geranium Family Nomenclature Common Name Geranium bicknellii Bicknell's Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Carolina Cranesbill GROSSULARIACEAE - Currant Family Nomenclature Common Name Ribes americanum American Black Currant; Wild Black Current Ribes cereum Western Red Currant Ribes odoratum Buffalo Currant; Golden Currant HYDROPHYLLACEAE - Waterleaf Family Nomenclature Common Name Ellisia nyctelea Waterpod IRIDACEAE - Iris Family Nomenclature Common Name Sisyrinchium angustifolium Blue-eyed Grass JUNCACEAE - Rush Family Nomenclature Common Name Juncus balticus Baltic Rush Juncus effusus Bog Rush Juncus interior Inland Rush LAMIACEAE - Mint Family Nomenclature Common Name Hedeoma drummondii Drummond False Pennyroyal Hedeoma hispidum Rough False Pennyroyal Hedeoma pulgeiodes American False Pennyroyal Mentha arvensis Field Mint Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot; Horsemint; Beebalm Nepeta cataria Catnip Salvia reflexa Lance-leaved Sage; Rocky Mountain Sage LILIACEAE - Lily Family Nomenclature Common Name Allium drummondii Wild Onion Allium textile Textile Onion Asparagus officinalis Garden Asparagus Calochortus gunnisonii Butterfly Lily; Sego Lily Calochortus nuttallii Sego Lily; Mariposa Lily Fritillaria atropurpurea Leopard Lily; Purplespot Fritillary Leucocrinum montanum Common Starlily; Mountain Lily Smilacina stellata Spikenard; Starry Solomonplume Zigadenus venenosus Death Camus; Grassy Death Camus LINACEAE - Flax Family Nomenclature Common Name Linum rigidum Yellow Flax; Stiffstem Flax LOASACEAE - Stickleaf Family Nomenclature Common Name Mentzelia decapetala Ten-petal Mentzelia; Sand Lily Mentzelia nuda Blazing Star LYTHRACEAE - Loosestrife Family Nomenclature Common Name Ammannia coccinea Toothcup MALVACEAE - Mallow Family Nomenclature Common Name Malva neglecta Common Mallow Malva rotundifolia Common Mallow Sphaeralcea coccinea Scarlet Globemallow; Red False Mallow NYCTAGINACEAE - Four-O'Clock Family Nomenclature Common Name Mirabilis albida White Four-O'Clock Mirabilis linearis Narrowleaf Four-O'Clock Mirabilis nyctaginea Wild four-o'clock OLEACEAE - Olive Family Nomenclature Common Name Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green Ash ONAGRACEAE - Evening Primrose Family Nomenclature Common Name Calylophus serrulatus Plains Yellow Primrose Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed, Willow-herb Epilobium paniculatum Willow-herb Gaura coccinea Scarlet Gaura Gaura parviflora Velvety Gaura Oenothera albicaulis Pale/Prairie Evening Primrose Oenothera biennis Common Evening Primrose Oenothera caespitosa Gumbo Lily; Tufted Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera latifolia Pale Evening Primrose Oenothera nuttallii White-stemmed Evening Primrose OROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape Family Nomenclature Common Name Orobanche fasciculata Broomrape; Clustered Broomrape Orobanche ludoviciana Broomrape Orobanche uniflora One-flowered Cancer-ro OXALIDACEAE - Wood Sorrel Family Nomenclature Common Name Oxalis stricta Yellow Wood Sorrel PAPAVERACEAE - Poppy Family Nomenclature Common Name Argemone polyanthemos Prickly Poppy; Bluestem Prickly Poppy PEDALIACEAE - Unicorn-plant Family Nomenclature Common Name Proboscidea louisianica Unicorn Plant; Devil's Claw PINACEAE - Pine Family Nomenclature Common Name Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine PLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain Family Nomenclature Common Name Plantago aristata Bracted Plantain; Buckhorn Plantago patagonica Patagonia Plantain POACEAE - Grass Family Nomenclature Common Name Agropyron caninum Slender Wheatgrass Agropyron cristatum Crested Wheatgrass Agropyron dasystachyum Thickspike Wheatgrass Agropyron intermedium IntermediateWheatgrass Agropyron repens Quackgrass Agropyron smithii Western Wheatgrass Agropyron spicatum Bearded Bluegrass; Wheatgrass Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Andropogon hallii Sand Bluestem Andropogon scoparius Little Bluestem Aristida purpurea Red Threeawn Bouteloua curtipendula Side-oats Grama Bouteloua gracilis Blue Grama Bouteloua hirsuta Hairy Gramma Bromus inermis Smooth Brome Bromus japonicus Japanese Brome Bromus squarrosus Brome Bromus tectorum Downy Brome; Cheatgrass Buchloe dactyloides Buffalo Grass Calamovilfa longifolia Prairie Sandreed Cenchrus longispinus Sandbur Dactylis glomerata Orchard Grass Distichlis spicata Inland Saltgrass Echinochloa crusgalli Barnyard Grass Elymus canadensis Canada Wild Rye Elymus virginicus Virginia Wild Rye Eragrostis cilianensis Stinkgrass Festuca octoflora Sixweeks Fescue Festuca pratensis Meadow Fescue Hordeum jubatum Foxtail Barley Hordeum pusillum Little Barley Koeleria pyramidata Junegrass Muhlenbergia cuspidata Plains Muhly Muhlenbergia racemosa Marsh Muhly Munroa squarrosa False Buffalo Grass Oryzopsis hymenoides Indian Ricegrass Oryzopsis micrantha Little-seed Ricegrass Panicum capillare Common Witchgrass Panicum virgatum Switchgrass Phleum pratense Timothy Phragmites australis Common Reed Grass; Plume Reed Poa interior Inland Bluegrass Poa palustris Fowl Bluegrass Poa pratensis Kentucky Bluegrass Poa sandbergii Sandberg's Bluegrass Schedonnardus paniculatus Tumblegrass Schizachne purpurascens False Melic Setaria glauca Yellow Foxtail Setaria viridis Green Foxtail Sitanion hystrix Squirreltail Spartina pectinata Prairie Cordgrass Sporobolus airoides Alkali Sacaton Sporobolus asper Rough Dropseed; Prairie Dropseed Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand Dropseed Stipa comata Needle-and-Thread Stipa viridula Green Needlegrass POLEMONIACEAE - Polemonium Family Nomenclature Common Name Collomia linearis Collomia Ipomopsis congesta Ball-head; Ball-head Ipomopsis Ipomopsis spicata Spike Gilia Microsteris gracilis Microsteris Phlox alyssifolia Phlox; Pointed Phlox Phlox andicola Plains Phlox; Moss Phlox Phlox hoodii Hood's Phlox POLYGALACEAE - Milkwort Family Nomenclature Common Name Polygala alba White Milkwort Polygala verticillata Whorled Milkwort POLYGONACEAE - Buckwheat Family Nomenclature Common Name Eriogonum annuum Annual Eriogonum Eriogonum flavum Yellow Wild Buckwheat; Bracted Umbrella Plant Eriogonum gordonii Gordon's Eriogonum Eriogonum pauciflorum Eriogonum Eriogonum multiceps Branched Eriogonum Eriogonum visheri Visher's Eriogonum Polygonum amphibium Water Smartweed Polygonum aviculare Knotweed Polygonum convolvulus Climbing Buckwheat; Wild Buckwheat Polygonum ramosissimum Knotweed Rumex altissimus Pale Dock; Water Dock Rumex mexicanus Mexican Dock, Willow-leaved Dock Rumex occidentalis Western Dock Rumex stenophyllus Dock Rumex venosus Wild Begonia; Sour Greens POLYPODIACEAE - True Fern Family Nomenclature Common Name Cystopteris fragilis Fragile Fern Woodsia oregona Oregon Woodsia PORTULACACEAE - Purselane Family Nomenclature Common Name Portulaca oleracea Common Purslane PRIMULACEAE - Primrose Family Nomenclature Common Name Androsace occidentalis Western Rock Jasmine RANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup Family Nomenclature Common Name Anemone canadensis Meadow Anemone Anemone caroliniana Carolina Anemone Anemone cylindrica Candle Anemone Anemone patens Pasque Flower Clematis ligusticifolia Western Clematis Delphinium virescens Prairie Larkspur Ranunculus cymbalaria Shore Buttercup; SeasideCrowfoot Ranunculus glaberrimus Sagebrush Buttercup ROSACEAE - Rose Family Nomenclature Common Name Crataegus succulenta Succulent Hawthorn; Fleshy Hawthorn Potentilla fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil Potentilla gracilis Northwest Cinquefoil Potentilla hippiana Cinquefoil Potentilla pensylvanica Cinquefoil Potentilla recta Sulphur Cinquefoil Prunus americana Wild Plum Prunus pumila Sand Cherry; Dwarf Cherry Prunus virginiana Choke Cherry Rosa arkansana Prairie Wild Rose Rosa blanda Smooth Wild Rose; Meadow Rose Rosa woodsii Western Wild Rose RUBIACEAE - Madder Family Nomenclature Common Name Galium aparine Catchweed Bedstraw; Cleavers Galium boreale Northern Bedstraw SALICACEAE - Willow Family Nomenclature Common Name Populus deltoides Cottonwood Salix amygdaloides Peachleaf Willow Salix exigua Sandbar Willow; Coyote Willow Salix lutea Yellow Willow Salix petiolaris Meadow Willow SANTALACEAE - Sandalwood Family Nomenclature Common Name Comandra umbellata Bastard Toadflax; Common Comandra SCROPHULARIACEAE - Figwort Family Nomenclature Common Name Agalinis aspera Gerardia Castilleja sessiliflora Downy Paintbrush; Indian Paintbrush Orthocarpus luteus Yellow Owl Clover Penstemon albidus Whitebeard Tongue; White Penstemon Penstemon angustifolius Narrow Beardtongue Penstemon eriantherus Crested Beardtongue Penstemon glaber Smooth Beardtongue; Sawsepal Penstemon Penstemon gracilis Slender Beardtongue Penstemon grandiflorus Large Beardtongue; Shell-leaf Penstemon Verbascum thapsus Common Mullein; Velvet Mullein Veronica arvensis Corn Speedwell SELAGINELLACEAE - Spikemoss Family Nomenclature Common Name Selaginella densa Spikemoss SMILACACEAE - Catbrier Family Nomenclature Common Name Smilax herbacea Carrion-flower SOLANACEAE - Nightshade Family Nomenclature Common Name Hyoscyamus niger Henbane Physalis heterophylla Clammy Ground Cherry Physalis longifolia Common Ground Cherry Physalis pumila Prairie Ground Cherry Physalis virginiana Virginia Ground Cherry Solanum ptycanthum Black Nightshade Solanum rostratum Buffalo Bur; Kansas Thistle Solanum triflorum Prairie Tomato; Cut-leaved Nightshade TAMARICACEAE - Tamarix Family Nomenclature Common Name Tamarix parviflora Salt Cedar TYPHACEAE - Cat-tail Family Nomenclature Common Name Typha latifolia Broad-leaved Cat-tail ULMACEAE - Elm Family Nomenclature Common Name Celtis occidentalis Hackberry Ulmus americana American Elm Ulmus rubra Slippery Elm URTICACEAE - Nettle Family Nomenclature Common Name Parietaria pensylvanica Pennsylvania Pellitory VERBENACEAE - Vervain Family Nomenclature Common Name Verbena bipinnatifida Dakota Vervain; Verbena Verbena bracteata Prostate Vervain; Verbena Verbena stricta Hoary Vervain; Wolly Verbena VIOLACEAE - Violet Family Nomenclature Common Name Viola canadensis Tall White Violet Viola nuttallii Nuttal's Violet; Yellow Prairie Violet VITACEAE - Grape Family Nomenclature Common Name Parthenocisus vitacea Woodbine Vitis vulpina Winter Grape; Frost Grape ZYGOPHYLLACEAE - Caltrop Family Nomenclature Common Name Tribulus terrestris Puncture Vine; Goat Head

  • Denotes exotic or naturalized species

REFERENCES

Agnew, W. 1983. Flora and Fauna Associated with Prairie Dog Ecosystems. M. A. Thesis. Department of Range Science. Colorado State University. Fort Collins, Colorado. 47p.

Albertson, F. W. 1953. Report of Study of Grassland Areas of Badlands National Monument, South Dakota; Fort Robinson Military Reservation in Nebraska; North and South Units of Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, North Dakota; and Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. Contract No. 14-10- 232-26 between the National Park Service and Fort Hays, Kansas State College. 50p.

Cincotta, R. P., D. W. Uresk and R. M. Hansen. Ecology of the Black-tailed Prairie Dog in the Badlands National Park. NPS. Rocky Mountain Regional Office. Contract No. CX 1200- B035.

Hull-Sieg, C. l. 1983. Wildlife Associations in Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum) stands in Western South Dakota. USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. Rapid City, South Dakota.

Johnson, J. R. and J. T. Nichols. 1970. Plants of South Dakota Grasslands - A Photographic Study. Bulletin 566. Agricultural Experimental Station. South Dakota State University. Brookings, South Dakota. 163p.

Lindstrom, L. 1959. The Flowering Plants of the Badlands National Monument of South Dakota. M. A. Thesis. University of South Dakota, Vermillion. 39p.

McGregor, R. L., T. M. Barkley, R. E. Brooks and E. K. Schofield. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. Lawrence, Kansas. 1392p.

Olson, V. 1988. The Steppe Vegetation of the North Unit of Badlands National Park. Masters Thesis. Department of Biology. University of South Dakota. 202p.

Swartzlow,C. R. and R. F. Upton. 1954. Badlands National Monument, South Dakota. Natural History Handbook - Series No.2., Washington, D.C.

Steigers Jr., William D. 1981. Habitat Use and Mortality of Mule Deer Fawns in Western South Dakota. PhD Thesis. Department of Botany and Range Science, Brigham Young University. 193p.

Van Bruggen, T. 1985. The Vascular Plants of South Dakota. 2nd ed. Iowa State University Press. Ames, Iowa. 476p.

Van Bruggen, T. 1983. Wildflowers Grasses Other Plants of the Northern Plains and Black Hills. Badlands Natural History Association. Interior, South Dakota. 96p.

Will Wolf, S. 1975. Multivariate Analysis of Foraging Site Selection by Flower-feeding Insects in a Western South Dakota Prairie. PhD. Dissertation at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. 500p.

Prepared Summer - 1990

Updated 10-16-91

Updated 09-26-92

Exotic Plants Annotated 12-28-93

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December's Featured Park
Zion National Park, a place home to the Narrows, Canyon Overlook, Emerald Pools, a petrified forest, a desert swamp, springs and waterfalls, hanging gardens, wildflowers, wildlife and more!
December's Animal
The bighorn sheep is the mammalian symbol of Colorado Parks and Wildlife and Colorado's official animal. Colorado is home to the largest population of the species anywhere. The animals are five to six feet long with a tail three to six inches in length.