Baker Island National Wildlife Refuge, 20 miles north of the equator and 1,600 miles southwest of Honolulu, is a nearly level saucer-shaped 405-acre island surrounded by a narrow reef and 30,504 acres of submerged land. Most of the refuge is marine habitat, including extensive coral reefs and other inshore tropical ocean habitats. Uninhabited, it is low, flat, sandy, and vegetated only by grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs due to the scant rainfall and intense sun. The refuge provides nesting and roosting habitat for about 20 species of seabirds and shorebirds. Threatened green sea turtles and endangered hawksbill sea turtles forage in the shallow waters of the reef with hundreds of species of fish, corals, and other invertebrates. Visitation is by special use permit only. The refuge is part of the Pacific Remote Islands National Wildlife Refuge Complex, whose office is in Honolulu.
300 Ala Moana Boulevard Room 5-231, Box 50167 Honolulu, HI 96850
FWS - Fish and Wildlife Service