Haleakala National Park Nonnative Species

Invasive non-native ungulates decimate native plants that, as they have evolved, lost unnecessary protective spines, tough bark, unpalatable taste, or poison sap. Non-native predators, from house cats to ants, overwhelm native species with no innate fear or defense against predation. Foreign diseases (avian malaria and pox) spread by alien mosquitoes have caused extinction of most native honeycreepers.

Haleakala's strategy to fence the park to exclude alien ungulates; remove all populations of feral goats, pigs and deer; and place snares at remote areas to intercept any individual ungulate that penetrates the boundary fence, now preserves the native ecosystems.

The ubiquitous mobility of modern humans, and frequent transport of accompanying biotic organisms (accidental or deliberate), now overwhelms an island ecosystem that evolved in remote isolation. Haleakala partially thwarts this ecological destruction; the park staff vigorously defends its native Hawaiian biodiversity from invasive aliens.

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November's Featured Park
The North Cascades have long been known as the North American Alps. Characterized by rugged beauty, this steep mountain range is filled with jagged peaks, deep valleys, cascading waterfalls and glaciers. North Cascades National Park Service Complex contains the heart of this mountainous region in three park units which are all managed as one and include North Cascades National Park, Ross Lake and Lake Chelan National Recreation Areas.
November's Animal
Badgers are animals of open country. Their oval burrows (ten inches across and four to six inches high) are familiar features of grasslands on sandy or loamy soils of the eastern plains or shrub country in mountain parks or western valleys.