Inner Canyon / Backcountry Safe Drinking Water While traveling in the backcountry, river running, or hiking, you will utilize water from the Colorado River, side streams, seeps and springs, or other sources. Any water from these sources has the potential to cause illness if it is not properly and carefully filtered and treated.
Water Disinfection Procedures All drinking water MUST be:
SETTLED to remove suspended solids. It should be clear, not cloudy.
FILTERED through an Absolute 1-micron filter, or one labeled as meeting American National Standards Institute (ANSI/NSF) (formerly the National Sanitation Foundation) International Standard #53 for Cyst Removal, and
DISINFECTED using two drops of household bleach per gallon of water, or disinfected using five drops of tincture of iodine per gallon of water. After disinfection, allow the water to sit for 30 minutes to give the chemical time to kill any organisms.
NOTE: If you use a water filter, you MUST also use bleach or iodine, since filtering by itself will NOT kill all disease-causing microorganisms. OR
BOILED for one minute, plus one additional minute for every 1,000 feet above sea level.
All filtered and disinfected or boiled water must be stored in clean and sanitized containers. Consequences All of us have personal preferences and beliefs that may affect personal decisions. If you are on a commercial river trip or hike, the guides are legally required to follow the correct drinking water disinfection procedures. If you are on a private river trip or hike, Grand Canyon National Park strongly encourages you to follow these same procedures. While some waterborne illnesses may be mild, all of our individual reactions and responses to disease agents vary, and all disease agents can cause severe or life threatening illness in some people.
Contacts If you have questions regarding drinking water, or if you have become ill while traveling in the Grand Canyon backcountry, please contact: Mike McGinnis, River Subdistrict Ranger (928) 638-7832.
The information on this page is also available as a PDF file. PDF files retain the look and feel of the original document (including typography, page layout, and graphics) and can be viewed with Adobe Acrobat Reader version 5. If you plan on printing the file, it may print faster if you download it to your computer.
To view a PDF in your browser window, click on the file link and the Acrobat Reader plug-in will automatically load and display the file. To download a PDF to your computer, right-click on the PDF link and choose the Save Link/Target As option from the drop-down menu. After saving the file to your computer, click on its alias/icon and Acrobat Reader will launch and open the PDF for viewing and/or printing. PDF file -